Areas of Experience
- European Union law
- Confiscation and asset recovery
- Consumer protection
- Recommendation on exploration and production of hydrocarbons (such as shale gas)
- International family finance disputes
- Transnational child abduction, custody and adoption cases
- International commercial disputes
- International crime
- Pro bono and NGO work
- Art and international law
36 International, the 36 Group international law group, is a collection of barristers drawn from various areas of legal practice where there is a significant international dimension to the work.
The primary focus of international law work atThe 36 Group is through our respective specialist teams in fields as diverse as commercial and family law on the one hand, and criminal and extradition law on the other. For further information on specialist practice groups [Click here]
36 International supports our specialist teams by a cross-fertilisation of ideas and initiatives where that can be utilised in the interests of clients, associates, governments or NGOs.
European Union law
We have members who are knowledgeable and/or experienced in:
- Extradition and European arrest warrants. All members of 36 Extradition have undergone secondments at the CPS Extradition Unit in London. Members of the team act on behalf of States, requesting judicial authorities, the Secretary of State for the Home Department and for individuals who are subject to an extradition request. Go to page [Click here].
- Confiscation and asset recovery within the European Union. Confiscation a strategic priority in the EU’s fight against organised crime and is reflected in the “EU Internal Security Strategy in Action” document
- Within the UK, the recent implementation of the Framework Decisions on mutual recognition of freezing orders (2003/577/JHA) and confiscation orders (2006/783/JHA), has introduced a new regime for the enforcement of overseas orders within the UK and for UK orders abroad.
- As the seconded European Asset Recovery Advisor for the Crown Prosecution Service, Jonathan Spicer provides advice on the freezing and confiscation of assets held in EU and non-EU jurisdictions, either by route of mutual legal assistance instruments or through mutual recognition under the Framework Decisions. He also advises on requests for assistance for the application of freezing and confiscation orders within the UK from other jurisdictions. Go to page [Click here]
- EU Consumer legislation dealing with EU Product Safety and Consumer protection from unfair trading.
- EU Commission Recommendation of 22 January 2014 on minimum principles for the exploration and production of hydrocarbons (such as shale gas) using high volume hydraulic fracturing (2014/70/EU).
International Family Law Finance disputes
We have members who are experienced in:
- Jurisdictional issues in the context of divorce, financial relief
- Claims for financial relief following an overseas divorce pursuant to the Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act 1984.
- Applications for declarations as to the validity of a marriage or dissolution of marriage conducted overseas.
- Enforcement of English orders in overseas jurisdictions (including in relation to offshore trusts).
- Expert evidence as to English law for use in foreign jurisdictions.
International Children Law
We have members who are experienced in:
- Cross Border jurisdictional disputes
- International Child Abduction cases both Hague Convention and Non Hague Convention
- Applications for permission to remove children from the jurisdiction on a temporary or permanent basis
- International Surrogacy arrangements
- International Adoption of Children
- International Public Law cases involving transfer of proceedings and placement of children with their extended families
- Enforcement of Child Arrangement orders in overseas jurisdictions
- Enforcement of Overseas parental responsibility orders including custody and access
- Expert advice as to English law for use in foreign jurisdictions.
International Commercial Disputes
We provide advice and representation in international commercial arbitrations in London.
We also act for clients involved in transnational commercial disputes which may give rise to claims in the London High Court, relating to sales and supply of goods and services, distributorship agreements and more general commercial disputes.
We have established links with Dubai, West Africa and the Caribbean.
We advise and represent both prosecution and defendants on the prosecution of international crime in the UK domestic courts, and before international tribunals for offences alleging grave crimes against humanity.
Members of Chambers have been involved in major International Criminal Tribunal trials in The Hague (e.g. Charles Taylor, Slovan Milosevic), the former Yugoslavia (Bosnia & Herzegovina), Tanzania (Rwanda), Cambodia (Khmer Rouge), Indonesia (East Timor), and in Sierra Leone.
In 2012, a former member of Chambers was elected from the Group of Western European and other States, to sit as a judge in the International Criminal Court in The Hague.
Pro bono and NGO work
We have worked with (amongst others):
- The European Human Rights Advocacy Centre
- Organisation of Security and Co–operation in Europe (OSCE)
- The Helsinki Committee for Human Rights
- The Foreign and Commonwealth Office
- The British Council
- The Kurdish and Human Rights Project
- Oasis of Peace (a Jewish–Palestinian Arab organisation for the promotion of peace and reconciliation)
- The Jamaican Council for Human Rights
We have an established record of working with the United Nations, Governments, judges, lawyers and pressure groups in various parts of the world, but especially in Iraq, Kosovo, Libya, Cambodia, Turkey, Kenya, the Congo, Guyana, the Cameroons and the republics of the former USSR.
Several members are on the Bar Pro Bono Unit panel, and accept instructions from it.
The London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games organising committee retained our Team to provide pro bono advice and representation for athletes and officials.
Art and international law
One of our members is a leading Art lawyer, Jessica Franses. She and her colleagues are able to advise and assist private individuals, museums and other institutions in a private international or transnational context on ownership claims, cultural heritage law issues and the illicit trafficking of cultural objects.